This week in infosec: links

Monday, January 24, 2022    Post   636 words   3 mins read

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Web Application Reconnaissance Framework - WARF is a Recon framework for the web application. It comprises different tools to perform information gathering on the target such as subdomain enumeration, directory Bruteforce, gathering all sorts of endpoints like Wayback URLs, JS URLs, endpoints from JS files, API/Secret keys, etc.

Telenot Complex: Insecure AES Key Generation - This blog post details our discovery of a vulnerability in the AES1 key generation of an alarm system widely used in Germany. Due to this flaw it was possible to clone the key fobs used with this system. A video demonstrating our proof of concept follows below. The flaw was found within compasX, the management software for alarm systems in a series named “complex,” which are manufactured by Telenot.2 The vulnerability was assigned CVE-2021-34600 and an advisory was released along with this blog post.

WordPress 5.8.2 Stored XSS Vulnerability - In this blog post, we investigate a WordPress vulnerability we reported back in 2018, and that remained unpatched for around 3 years afterwards. It can for example be used for privilege escalation and to hijack an admin account from an author account. However, as we’ll see, exploitation can also be achieved without special privileges when certain WordPress plugins are installed. When we reported the vulnerability, the website itself was affected and could have been exploited by any forum user to launch a supply chain attack for WordPress plugins.

Exploiting URL Parsing Confusion - URLs are in many ways the hub of our digital lives, our link to critical services, news, entertainment, and much more. Therefore, any security vulnerabilities with how browsers, applications, and servers receive URL requests, parse them, and fetch requested resources could pose significant issues for users and harm trust in the internet. Claroty’s Team82, in collaboration with Snyk’s research team, has conducted an extensive research project examining URL parsing primitives, and discovered major differences in the way many different parsing libraries and tools handle URLs. Today, we are publishing a research paper (free PDF download here) that describes our analysis, showcases the differences between parsers, and how URL parsing confusion may be abused. We also uncovered eight vulnerabilities that have been privately disclosed and patched.

CVE-2021-25475: Kernel LPE in the Vision DSP Kernel Driver’s ELF Linker - There is a vmalloc out of bounds write vulnerability in the vision DSP kernel driver of Samsung Exynos S20 devices. The vulnerability could potentially be used by a malicious system application to compromise the kernel and gain further privileges.

Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution Chain in SysAid ITIL - Atredis Partners found a chain of vulnerabilities in the ITIL product offering by SysAid during personal research. Other competitors to this SysAid product are ManageEngine, Remedy, or other ticketing and workflow systems. The full chain of issues allows an unauthenticated attacker to gain full administrative rights over the ITIL installation and to execute arbitrary code for a local shell. Atredis only tested the on-premises version of SysAid ITIL. If you are running an on-premises SysAid ITIL system, updating to the latest version will resolve the issues described below. At the time of this writing, the latest version for on-premises customers is 21.2.35.

Vulnerable AWS Lambda function - Our security research team will explain a real attack scenario from the black box and white box perspective on how a vulnerable AWS Lambda function could be used by attackers as initial access into your cloud environment. Finally, we show the best practices to mitigate this vector of attack.

ChopChop - ChopChop is a command-line tool for dynamic application security testing on web applications, initially written by the Michelin CERT. Its goal is to scan several endpoints and identify exposition of services/files/folders through the webroot. Checks/Signatures are declared in a config file (by default: chopchop.yml), fully configurable, and especially by developers.